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Types of Golf Cart Batteries: The Power Behind Your Ride

Investing in quality golf cart batteries is key to keeping your cart running smoothly for years. Golf cart owners often have questions about their cart's functionality, and at the heart of these queries are the different types of batteries and their specific uses.

Batteries come in various types, each suited for different energy needs. Let's break down the different types of golf cart batteries so you can choose the best one for your needs.

Flooded Lead-Acid Batteries

Flooded lead-acid batteries are among the most common types found in golf carts. They use thick plates, large separators, and high-density paste material. Typically, these batteries aren't sealed and don't recombine gases into liquids internally.

These batteries contain an electrolyte that roams freely within the encasement. When charged, the battery acid and lead plates work together to store electricity.


  • Longevity with Maintenance: These batteries last longer with regular maintenance, such as adding water periodically.

  • Easy Troubleshooting: Simple procedures can help diagnose issues with flooded lead-acid batteries. Check out our video on how to load test your batteries!

AGM Lead-Acid Batteries

Absorbed Glass Mat (AGM) batteries are designed with a fiberglass separator to keep the electrolyte in place and absorb the battery acid. They have low internal resistance, can deliver high currents when needed, and offer a long lifespan even when deeply cycled.


  • Spill-Proof: Unlike traditional lead-acid batteries, AGM batteries have fiberglass mats that prevent spills.

  • Long Lifespan: AGM batteries last longer and can charge up to five times faster than flooded batteries.

  • Durability: Originally designed for military aircraft, AGM batteries are built for power, reliability, safety, and weight efficiency.

Gel Lead-Acid Batteries

Gel batteries are similar to AGM batteries but use a thick paste instead of a fiberglass mat. The key difference between Gel and AGM batteries is the charge rate. AGM batteries handle higher charge and discharge rates compared to gel batteries.

Gel batteries contain a silica-type gel that suspends the electrolyte. This thick paste-like material allows electrons to move between plates but won’t leak if the case breaks.


  • Maintenance-Free: Designed with gel instead of liquid, these batteries require minimal maintenance.

  • No Leaks: Gel batteries are sealed with a valve to release excess pressure, preventing leaks.

  • Long Lifespan in Extreme Weather: Gel batteries prevent electrolyte evaporation in high temperatures and freezing in low temperatures, maintaining performance in extreme conditions.

Lithium-Ion Batteries

Lithium-ion batteries have gained popularity in recent years due to their advanced technology. Using lithium-ion as a primary component of their electrochemistry, these batteries are known for their longevity, lasting about 5000 charge cycles.


  • High Energy Density: Lithium-ion batteries offer significantly higher energy density, perfect for electronic equipment that requires long operation times between charges.

  • Low Self-Discharge Rate: These batteries can sit unused for a long time and still power up when needed.

  • Low Maintenance: Unlike lead-acid batteries, lithium-ion batteries don’t require watering, reducing maintenance costs.

Final Thoughts

Choosing the right golf cart battery based on how you use your cart ensures it runs smoothly and efficiently. The ideal battery will reduce maintenance costs and guarantee that your cart starts every time you need it.

Need advice on which battery type is perfect for your golf cart? Ask us at SCV Carts, happy to help!


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